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Car Seats Without Flame Retardants

Looking for a flame retardant free car seat? Flame retardants are thought to possibly cause health problems – especially exposure to young children. Which is why finding a non toxic car seat without flame retardants is so important for wellness.

baby in a car seat

How to Find Car Seats without Flame Retardants

The Ecology Center, also known as Healthy Stuff Lab, has released a new study on toxic chemicals in children’s car seats. They have been compiling a list of flame retardant free car seats for many years now. 

Each year the number of car seats without flame retardants increases. Which is a good thing for parents.

woman choosing child car seat for newborn baby in shop

In 2017, there was just one model of car seat – from UPPAbaby – made without flame retardants.

Now there are 40 car seat models from 8 different companies made without toxic flame retardant chemicals BUT still meeting federal flammability standards.

The list of nontoxic car seats is created by a combination of Ecology Center independent testing and a comprehensive review of manufacturer claims.

Dangers of Toxic Flame Retardants

While babies and children might not ingest the flame retardants directly off of the materials, off gassing is a concern with the materials so close to their respiratory systems.

Car seats are exposed to UV rays from the sun and high temperatures as cars warm up in the sun. Heat and UV rays help to accelerate chemicals releasing from any product, including car seats and booster seats. Flame retardants are already something that easily release into the air that you breathe over time. That’s why there is concern with them being in upholstered furniture and bedding, too. So combining chemical flame retardants that off gas easily, along with high temperatures that accelerate the off gassing, and higher risk with babies and young children, is not a good combination.

There are different types of chemical fire retardants:

  • Halogenated (also called Brominated and Chlorinated) Considered among the most toxic and they don’t disappear easily from the environment
  • Non-Halogenated (Phosphate and Nitrogen based) These are less toxic than halogenated, but still warrants some concern.

“Car seats with added flame retardants put babies and young children in close contact with chemical additives, some of which are known to be carcinogens, hormone disruptors, and developmental toxicants,” explains Gillian Miller, Senior Scientist at the Ecology Center. “Babies are especially vulnerable to chemical-laden dust from products like car seats since their systems are still developing.”

Pregnant woman choosing child car seat in store.

Children’s car seats have to comply with the flammability standards meant to apply to vehicle interiors, not children’s products, according to The Ecology Center.

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration Test Procedures for Evaluating Flammability of Interior Materials (FMVSS 302) address fire safety in vehicle interiors. The requirements for car seats began in 1981. The USFA estimates 20 children 0-5 years old die in passenger vehicle fires each year.

Automakers and the car seat industry often, but not always, meet these NHTSA standards by using chemical flame retardants.

Another Thing to Avoid: PFOAs and PFCs

In addition to flame retardants, you will want to avoid Perfluorinated chemicals, known as PFCs or PFOAs.

These chemicals are made to help fabric repel stains, grease and water. You might have heard about PFOAs and PFCs before because they are in non-stick cookware, too.

Babies, toddlers and children WILL get their car seats disgusting, with poop, food, drinks, etc. There is nothing about perfluorinated chemicals that is going to help you avoid properly cleaning a car seat to remove the bacteria and grossness of diaper accidents, rotting foods and spoiled drinks. Repelling chemicals help the items not to stain the fabrics, but you still need to sanitize!

(P.S. There are so many amazing testimonials about using Branch Basics to clean the worst stains – including diaper blowouts – from car seat covers. You definitely want to get the stuff to keep your car seat clean.)

Flame Retardants Without Chemicals

These 7 companies that have flame retardant free car seats (according to the 2022 report) have developed children’s car seats that meet flammability standards through material and design choices; not with added chemicals. How?

With innovative design techniques, such as using fiber blends with wool (including merino wool), which is naturally fire retardant. Wool fibers are hard to ignite with flames.

Another way to have an effective flame retardant without chemicals is changing the weave patterns in the fabric so that it has less air. Air is a source that fuels a fire. So the less air, the slower a fabric would ignite and burn.

“This new list of products proves that flame retardant-free car seats are now the gold standard and best practice,” stated Jeff Gearhart, research director at the Ecology Center.  “Manufacturers who continue to produce seats with toxic flame retardants are going to be seen as dinosaurs.” 

Happy smiling mother placing baby in car seat and closing belt for safety.

*While avoiding chemicals is always preferable, there is NO REASON to not use a proper car seat for a child. Even if it might have chemical flame retardants. Safety is always most important. This new report reminds parents that car seats are critical safety devices and that parents should ALWAYS properly install and use a car seat for babies and children regardless of its chemical composition.

Flame Retardant Free Car Seats

There are a variety of non toxic car seats available, including:

  • Infant 
  • Convertible car seat without flame retardants
  • Convertible All-in-One
  • Booster seat without flame retardants

The best flame retardant free car seats, according to the Ecology Center/Healthy Stuff Lab study are:


  • SafeWash B Safe Gen 2 Infant
  • SafeWash Emblem Convertible
  • Romer Evolva 123 Convertible (Sold in EU)


  • ClearTex KeyFit 35 Infant


  • Mammoth Liing Infant
  • Railroad Liing Infant


  • Extend Convertible (Sold in EU)


  • PureCosi Romi Convertible (the least expensive car set on this list)
  • PureCosi Mico 30 Infant
  • PureCosi Pria Max All-in-One Convertible


  • Pipa Infant


  • Jordan KNOX Convertible

For even more information on this study about flame retardant free car seats, visit The Ecology Center’s findings.


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Jeremy Conkle

Sunday 18th of November 2018

Thanks for the post. I'm an environmental chemist that studies some of these chemicals in the environment, so I'm aware of the problems. But one thing no websites seem to talk about are the chemicals used to make some of the fabrics stain resistant. These are typically per fluorinated compounds. While I haven't been able to find the specific per fluorinated compounds used, many are problematic, but we are just now learning about them. If you haven't heard about them, search PFOA, PFOS and lawsuit.

Kimberly Button

Sunday 18th of November 2018

Jeremy, Yes, the stain resistant fabric is so heavy with chemicals! I asked for a new couch not to have stain repellant coating put on it and the salesman looked at me like I was crazy. Wiping off stains is a nuisance, but I'd rather have fewer chemicals exposed to by avoiding stain repelling finishes.


Thursday 30th of March 2017

Were there any infant car seats on the recommended list beside uppababy? I actuallypre-ordered the Mesa Henry for this baby that's due in a couple of weeks, and got word that they are delaying shipment until summer. So that clearly is not going to work out and I'm scrambling!

Kimberly Button

Thursday 30th of March 2017

Hi Alison! Congratulations!!!!! Don't stress out yet :) There were many car seats listed, with varying degrees of toxicity found. If you click on the link, it will show you the results of their research. Britax was also up there on the list. Yes, I don't think a summer arrival will be ideal for your baby arrival soon :)

Christine K DAgostino

Monday 6th of March 2017

What year was the Pria 70 that you tested manufactured in? Thanks!

Kimberly Button

Tuesday 7th of March 2017

Hi Christine, We didn't do the actual test. We referenced the test that was done by a third party to find the results.